Steel Phonograph

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vintage phonograph steel needle storage can bowl no lid 1 11 16 dia x 1 1 4 tall
$6.74
quality

antique supertone 100 ct steel phonograph needles medium tone
$6.99
quality

antique elti nola 100 ct steel phonograph needles extra loud tone
$6.99
quality

vintage pack of 25 lebo steel phonograph needles new old stock
$8.00
quality

1 rca victor half tone steel needles phonograph needles vintage antique victrola
$2.50
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 100
$5.00
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 100
$5.00
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 100
$5.00
quality

victor extra loud tone steel needles talking machine co phonograph opened pack
$4.00
quality

vintage lebo steel phonograph needles pack of 25 ne 99 sealed nos
$7.99
quality

vintage nos lebo inc steel phono needles ne 99 2 pack lot 50 kids record player
$5.00
quality

genuine evg record player idler wheel steel base model number 1407 03 new
$25.99
quality

100 soft tone 78rpm steel victrola needles for gramophone or phonograph records
$6.99
quality

antique steel phonograph needles lot of 100 new old stock
$10.25
quality

100 new soft tone nickel plated steel antique phonograph victrola needles
$6.99
quality

rca half tone needle single gramophone phonograph record stylus 78rpm steel
$4.99
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 100
$6.99
quality

lot vintage record player needles steel fiber
$15.99
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 300
$12.99
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 300
$12.99
quality

7 vintage packages of 200 sealed golden pure steel phonograph needles
$9.99
quality

early edison diamond disk phonograph model h 19 steel horn brass reproducer
$135.00
quality

100 new medium tone steel victor victrola phonograph needles
$6.99
quality

100 medium tone us made victor victrola phonograph steel needles
$6.99
quality

original c 1898 brushed steel mandrel edison suitcase standard phonograph
$67.00
quality

100 soft quietest tone 78 rpm phonograph antique record player steel needles
$6.99
quality

victor soft tone steel needles phonograph needles sealed pack of 100
$9.99
quality

lebo steel phono needles pack of 25 hi fi leboinc stereo kiddie phonographs
$9.95
quality

phonograph victrola gramophone needle tin twin steel needles
$19.99
quality

recoton steel phoneedles record player phonograph needles
$17.95
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 100
$6.99
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 100
$6.99
quality

100 soft low tone 78 rpm phonograph antique record player steel needles
$6.99
quality

victor extra loud tone steel needles talking machine phonograph opened pack
$10.00
quality

pfanstiehl swiss steel phonograph needle pack 1960s
$9.99
quality

antique victrola phonographs steel needles great for collector
$10.00
quality

vintage steel needles for kiddie phonographs sealed
$20.29
quality


vintage steel needles for kiddie phonographs sealed
$20.29
quality

fully work antique gramophone phonograph steel plain horn sound box needle set
$149.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph steel green color horn sound box needle set
$159.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph crafted machine with brown color steel horn
$169.00
quality

gramophone phonograph steel plain horn loudspeaker
$65.00
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

steel phonograph needles soft tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 500
$22.00
quality

steel phonograph needles loud tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

steel phonograph needles medium tone pack of 1000
$45.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph crafted machine with crafted steel horn
$169.00
quality

gramophone phonograph steel elbow sale price
$22.00
quality

antique octagonal gramophone phonograph fully functional steel plain horn
$159.00
quality

antique octagonal gramophone phonograph crafted machine with crafted steel horn
$169.00
quality

gramophone phonograph fully functional crafted steel horn sound box with needles
$149.00
quality

gramophone phonograph brown color steel elbow sale price
$22.00
quality

antique fully working octagonal gramophone phonograph with plain steel horn
$159.00
quality

five gramophone phonograph needle tins union steel needles
$62.05
quality

original c 1898 brushed steel mandrel edison suitcase standard phonograph
$67.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph steel turquoise color horn sound box needle set
$159.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph steel brown color horn sound box needle set
$159.00
quality

antique octagonal gramophone phonograph crafted machine with plain steel horn
$169.00
quality

gramophone phonograph white color steel horn loudspeaker
$65.00
quality

antique gramophone phonograph crafted machine with plain steel horn
$169.00
quality

gramophone phonograph fully functional brown color steel horn sound box needles
$159.00
quality

antique round gramophone phonograph crafted machine with steel plain horn
$85.00
quality

antique round gramophone phonograph crafted machine with steel crafted horn
$85.00
quality

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Steel Phonograph

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Edisonia Needles Demo 2 - You Never Get No Where Holding Hands

It's easy to get caught up in the technology that we use on a daily basis.  Because it surrounds us in everything we do, we often take for granted that which we have ready access to.  We are surrounded by scientific and technological marvels that have come about in such a short span of time.  Audio recording and playback is a marvel in its own right, worthy of becoming a wonder of man, when you consider the advancements that have been made in a little over one hundred years.  When we quickly thumb through touch screens selecting the mp3 of choice, we don't typically think about days not long past where music poured from groves in wax - from the days of Edison's phonograph cylinder.

Cylinder records were the earliest method for recording and reproducing sound - at least on a commercial level.  They were in fact the original "record" but were not the flat disc or "vinyl" that most people think of when they think of records.  These records were 4" cylinders that were just over 2" in diameter.  When they were played back they held about two minutes worth of music or sound.  Not the most ideal medium for listening to a lengthy sonata but back then - during the late 1800's - this was quite a feat.

Hearing music produced from a rotating wax cylinder is certainly a far cry from the blaring intensity of music pouring out of a portable Bose sound system.  If only Edison could see what his inventions had led to.

Thomas Edison was certainly a man of many talents and thousands of inventions.  He struck gold with the phonograph on July 18 of 1877 with his initial test of the invention - though it wasn't intended to be used for any kind of musical recording.

Edison was intent on making a system that could record telephone messages.

In the Beginning

His first trial consisted of tinfoil wrapped around a hard cylinder.  While it worked and was effective for testing purposes, tinfoil was far too frail and was an impractical choice for commercial production.  Edison turned to wax cylinders that were created by various individuals including Alexander Graham Bell.

By the mid 1880's wax cylinders were being mass marketed.  The wax was layered with grooves containing the sound recordings.  While effective at producing sound, the wax used in production for these cylinders gave them a short lifespan.  For many owners, the cylinders used in the phonograph would typically wear out within a few dozen uses.  Thankfully, the devices that allowed playback of record cylinders also came with a mechanism for recording.  By shaving down the cylinders outer layer, a new recording could be placed on the worn out record cylinder.  The ability to both playback and record sound and music made the record cylinder extremely popular, however there was some competition emerging in the market that Edison had not expected.

There's always someone Trying to Do it Better

In 1888, ten years after Edison's invention, Emile Berliner invented the first lateral-cut disc record.  At first the disc record was used primarily for toys but around 1894 Berlinger began marketing his disc records under the Gramophone label.  While the sound quality was poor initially Berlinger was able to have it improved quickly.  There was a great deal of appeal to the disc records though initially they offered the same amount of recording as the phonograph cylinder - about 2 minutes.

Despite the similarity, disc records began to soar in popularity toward the end of the 1800's.  In an attempt to head off the growing advantage of the disc record, Edison began experimenting with new materials in his phonograph cylinder records.

Building a Better Mouse Trap... again

The earliest cylinders were made of a soft combination of paraffin and beeswax.  In 1890, Charles Tainter patented a harder phonograph cylinder made of carnauba wax which temporarily replaced the softer wax cylinders Edison originally used.  Over the next dozen years, the type of wax used was constantly refined and hardened in order to create cylinders that offered a high replay value - with many capable of being played more than 100 times before the grooves would wear out.

The unfortunate problem with phonograph cylinders was that the wax, no matter how it was manufactured, was still very fragile.  Because of this, they could be easily broken if dropped or mishandled.  Disc records were far sturdier, and to keep the competitive edge an early record company began producing cylinder records made of a hard plastic called celluloid in 1906. This material wouldn't break when dropped and had thousands of plays to it before it began to wear out.

The Downward Spiral of Phonograph Cylinder Interest

Despite the advantages and possibilities that phonograph cylinder records offered, they simply could not compete with the disc record.  The machines were cheaper to produce and easier to stock and store at home.  The decline of the commercial phonograph cylinder record began circa 1910 and was completely pulled from the market in 1929.

Preservation

Currently much progress has been made with the transfer and archival of phonograph cylinders. Optical scanners have been developed which basically photograph the grooves in the record. The digital scans can then be read by computer software. Thus, cylinders can be listened to without the use of a stylus (needle) which means that further wear to the cylinder is avoided and a better quality sound can be recovered. Optical scanning and image processing can eliminate the crackles and pops often heard on records - both cylinder and disc records - and do it better than the current software applications restore records transferred using a stylus. Even deeply scratched and broken records will be restorable.

So the future of audio transfer and restoration of both phonograph cylinders and the more widely known 33 and 45 RPM records so popular until the late 1980s, will involve technology that most of us haven't heard of yet. Optical audio reconstruction will provide better quality digitizations while better preserving the original recording.

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